Dentist in Goa
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What Is Gingivitis?

This form of gum disease is generally caused by lack of proper oral hygiene, which creates dental plaque buildup. Dental plaque is that sticky, invisible film found on your teeth. This is a bacteria that if allowed to stay on your teeth will harden into dental tartar. This is nearly impossible to remove with just your toothbrush. This is a hotbed of bacteria.

Dental plaque irritates your gums and will cause infection. Your body then catapults into an immune response to attack these aggressive invaders. Your gums get caught in the middle and become inflamed.

What's worse is periodontal bacteria can enter your blood stream and make its way to all of your major organs to cause even more trouble. Research indicates this can possibly:

• Lead to heart disease
• Up your chances for a stroke
• Increase the odds that a woman will have a preterm, low birth weight baby
• Aggravate those with already compromised health
• Contribute to medical conditions, including diabetes, respiratory disease and osteoporosis

Warning Signs

If it wasn't already taken, gingivitis would be called the silent killer. At this stage in the progression of periodontal disease, there is very rarely any pain. You are more likely to experience:

• Soft, swollen, red gums
• Bleeding gums at the slightest bit of pressure
• Color change of the gums from pink to dark red
• Pink toothbrush (and not from the toothpaste)

Inadequate oral hygiene is the number one cause of gingivitis. Here are some other conditions that may cause, or worsen, gingivitis:

• Medication -- can inhibit body's production of saliva, which has a cleansing effect on your teeth
• Viral and fungal infections
• Disease
• Hormonal changes -- pregnancy
• Poor nutrition
• Weakened immune system

How Do I Get Rid of Gingivitis?

This is possible with proper gum disease treatment. We may use scaling and root planing to remove all that dental tartar and dental plaque. A deep cleaning can generally fix the problem for good if you continue to practice good oral hygiene, brush twice a day, floss daily and use anti-bacterial mouthwash.

Gingivitis, in this moderate form, is completely reversible! Take care of your teeth, and they will stay healthy and clean!

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Swollen gums make brushing and flossing difficult. And bad breath is a social nuisance. But both are actually signs of something much more serious -- gingivitis. These symptoms are often mild, so it's tempting to ignore them. However, when gingivitis is left untreated it can develop into a serious form of periodontal disease: periodontitis. Periodontitis destroys the tissue and bone that support the teeth and can cause tooth loss.

Other warning signs of periodontal disease include:

• Spaces developing between your teeth
• Pus between your teeth and gums
• Loose teeth
• Puffy, red, receding or bleeding gums

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Dental plaque is the primary culprit of periodontal disease. If not removed within 26 hours, dental plaque turns into dental tartar, which causes periodontal disease. You can prevent dental plaque by practicing good oral hygiene. That means brushing and flossing regularly; visiting the dentist for regular checkups and dental cleanings; and maintaining a well-balanced diet.

Other factors can increase the risk of periodontal disease, including:

Cigarettes and Tobacco -- Smoking and chewing tobacco are two of the major causes of periodontal disease.

Genetics -- Research proves that about 30% of the population is predisposed to gum disease.

Pregnancy -- Hormonal changes can make your gums sensitive and more susceptible to infection.

Medications -- Certain drugs such as steroids, cancer therapy drugs and oral contraceptives can affect your gums.

Treating Periodontal Disease

Fortunately, gingivitis is reversible with professional care and good home dental care. Periodontitis requires more substantial gum disease treatment, however. A non-surgical method of treating periodontitis is the scaling and root planing procedure (SRP). During a scaling and root planing, we perform a careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove dental plaque and dental tartar, and then smoothe the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins. Dental surgery for periodontal disease includes pocket reduction procedures, crown lengthening and soft tissue grafts.